T. Ras Makonnen
He completed his secondary school in Guyana, before leaving in 1927 to study mineralogy in Texas, and then attended Cornell University in 1983. During the Second Italo-Abyssinian War in 1935, he changed his name to emphasize his African roots.
After the outbreak of the Second World War he moved to Manchester where he opened a number of restaurants, the profits of which went towards his political work. He was active in the International African Service Bureau and helped organize the fifth Pan-African Congress in 1945.
He moved to Ghana to work with Kwame Nkrumah after the country gained independence, and helped to found the Organization of African Unity. He was arrested following a coup in Ghana in 1966 and spent time in prison before his release was secured by Jomo Kenyatta. He then worked for the Kenyan Ministry of Tourism, and became a citizen of Kenya in 1969.
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