Commission scolaire Henri-Bourassa
Retrieved from : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commission_scolaire_Henri-Bourassa
The late 2000s financial crisis led to the failure of a number of banks in the United States. Twenty-five banks failed and were taken over by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) in 2008, while 140 failed in 2009. In contrast, in the five years prior to 2008, only 11 banks had failed.
A bank failure is the closing of a bank by a federal or state banking regulatory agency. The FDIC is named as Receiver for a bank's assets when its capital levels are too low, or it cannot meet obligations the next day. After a bank's assets are placed into Receivership, the FDIC acts in two capacities—first, it pays insurance to the depositors, up to the deposit insurance limit, for assets not sold to another bank. Second, as the receiver of the failed bank, it assumes the task of selling and collecting the assets of the failed bank and settling its debts, including claims for deposits in excess of the insured limit. The FDIC insures up to $250,000 per depositor, per insured bank, as a result of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, which raised the limit from $100,000.
Early in 2008, the FDIC began hiring retirees from its division of resolutions and receiverships in anticipation of a string of bank failures. In late August, the FDIC reported that its list of 'problem banks' has risen to 117 banks, and it might have to ask the U.S. Treasury Department for more funds to cover an anticipated wave of new bank failures. On August 26, 2008, FDIC Chairman Bair said that she expects more banks to join the agency's watchlist, and said the FDIC is considering raising the premium banks pay for FDIC insurance, in order to replenish the dwindling $45.2 billion insurance fund. In early 2010, the FDIC announced that, despite the closure of banks in 2008 and 2009, over 700 banks remained at risk of failure in 2010.
The receivership of Washington Mutual Bank by federal regulators on September 26, 2008, was the largest bank failure in U.S. history. Regulators simultaneously brokered the sale of most of WaMu's assets to JPMorgan Chase, which planned to write down the value of Washington Mutual's loans at least $31 billion.
Twenty-five banks failed in 2008 (26 including the Utah-based wholly owned subsidiary of Washington Mutual, which was covered under the same FDIC closure notice as its parent company):
Total Assets ($mil.) from bank failures in 2008: $373,578.
The following 140 banks failed in 2009:
Total Assets ($mil.) from bank failures in 2009: $163,755.
The following 157 banks have failed in 2010:
Total Assets ($mil.) from bank failures in 2010: $95,975.
The following 40 banks have failed in 2011:
|Enneanectes carminalis |
(Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
Enneanectes carminalis, known commonly as the Carmine triplefin or the Delicate triplefin in Mexico and the United Kingdom, is a species of triplefin blenny. It is a tropical blenny known from reefs from Mexico to Panama, in the eastern central Pacific Ocean. It was originally described by D.S. Jordan and C.H. Gilbert in 1882, as Tripterygium carminale. Blennies in this species can reach a maximum length of 3 centimetres, and feed primarily off of benthic algae and invertebrates.
|Location||Ponce, Puerto Rico|
|Area||0.053 km (0.0205 sq mi)|
|Density||0 /km (0 /sq mi)|
Gatas is a small island in barrio Playa in the municipality of Ponce in southern Puerto Rico. The island is home to the Club Náutico de Ponce, a private sports complex, and it is located near La Guancha and next to the Port of Ponce. Together with Cardona, Isla del Frio, Caja de Muertos, Morrillito, and Ratones, Gatas is one of six islands in the municipality of Ponce.
While geographically it is considered an island on its own right, Gatas is actually physically attached to the Puerto Rico mainland, thanks to the construction of a dike in the 1950s. In this sense it now a cape more than an island in the strictest sense. The dyke grew the original one-acre island to the current 13 acres (0.053 square kilometers).
Gatas is located at latitude 17°57'49"N and longitude -66°37'05" (Latitude. 17.96944°, Longitude. -66.6175°) The island, located 0.2 km south of the mainland Puerto Rican shore across from Punta Penoncillo, extends 0.5km west from Punta Caranero to the east.
The island has an elevation of 10 feet, and it has a beach on the western side.
The island is a small low island and fully developed thanks to the construction of the Club Nautico de Ponce and its marina.
Organoborane or organoboron compounds are chemical compounds that are organic derivatives of BH3, for example trialkyl boranes. Organoboron chemistry or organoborane chemistry is the chemistry of these compounds. Organoboron compounds are important reagents in organic chemistry enabling many chemical transformations, the most important one called hydroboration.
The C-B bond has low polarity (the difference in electronegativity 2.55 for carbon and 2.04 for boron) and therefore alkyl boron compounds are in general stable though easily oxidized. Vinyl groups and aryl groups donate electrons and make boron less electrophilic and the C-B bond gains some double bond character. Like the parent borane, diborane, organoboranes are classified in organic chemistry as strong electrophiles because boron is unable to gain a full octet of electrons. Unlike diborane however, organoboranes do not form dimers.
Organoboranes with carbon replaced by oxygen are R2BOR, boronic esters RB(OR)2 and borates B(OR)3 such as trimethylborate. In organometallic chemistry compounds with metal to boron bonds are called boryls (M–BR2) or borylenes (M–B(R)–M).
Boranes react rapidly to alkenes in a process called hydroboration. This concept was discovered by Dr. Herbert Charles Brown at Purdue University, work for which he eventually received the Nobel Prize (jointly with Georg Wittig for his discovery of the Wittig reaction). Although diborane as a pure compound is a dimer, BH3 forms 1:1 complexes with basic solvents, for instance THF. In an ordinary electrophilic addition reaction of HX (X = Cl, Br, I, etc.) the Markovnikov's rule, which states that the lest electronegative atom, usually hydrogen adds to the least substituted carbon of the double bond, this determines regioselectivity. With boranes the mode of action is the same, the hydrogen adds to the most-substituted carbon because boron is least electronegative than hydrogen. The reason is that boron is less electronegative than hydrogen. When a positive charge develops in the alkene on the most substituted carbon atom, that is where the partially negatively charged hydrogen atom adds, leaving the least substituted carbon atom for the boron atom. The so called anti-Markovnikov addition because when the boron is replaced with a hydroxyl group the overall reaction is addition of water over the double bond in what appears to be an anti.Makovnikov addition.
This is most pronounced when the boron compound has very bulky substituents. One organoboron reagent that is often employed in synthesis is 9-borabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane or 9-BBN which is generated from the reaction of cyclooctadiene and diborane . Hydroborations take place stereospecifically in a syn mode, that is on the same face of the alkene. In this concerted reaction the transition state is represented as a square with the corners occupied by carbon, carbon, hydrogen and boron with maximum overlap between the two olefin p-orbitals and the empty boron orbital.
In organic synthesis the hydroboration reaction is taken further to generate other functional groups in the place of the boron group. The Hydroboration-oxidation reaction offers a route to alcohols by oxidation of the borane with hydrogen peroxide or to the carbonyl group with the stronger oxidizing agent chromium oxide.
A second group of reactions that organoboron compounds are involved in create new carbon carbon bonds. Carbon monoxide is found to react very easily with a trialkylborane. What follows is a 1,2-rearrangement when an alkyl substituent on the anionic boron migrates to the adjacent electrophilic carbon of the carbonyl group. The carbonyl group can then be reduced to a hydroxyl group.
Asymmetric allylboration demonstrates another useful application of organoboranes in carbon–carbon bond formation. In this example from Nicolaou's synthesis of the epothilones, asymmetric allylboration (using an allylborane derived from chiral alpha-pinene) is used in conjunction with TBS protection and ozonolysis. Overall, this provides a two-carbon homologation sequence that delivers the required acetogenin sequence.
Borane hydrides such as 9-BBN and L-selectride (lithium tri-sec-butylborohydride) are reducing agents. An example of an asymmetric catalyst for carbonyl reductions is the CBS catalyst. This catalyst is also based on boron, the purpose of which is coordination to the carbonyl oxygen atom.
Trialkylboranes, BR3, can be oxidized to the corresponding borates, B(OR)3. One method for the determination of the amount of C-B bonds in a compound is by oxidation of R3B with trimethylamine oxide (Me3NO) to B(OR)3. The trimethylamine (Me3N) formed can then be titrated.
Boronic acids RB(OH)2 react with potassium bifluoride K[HF2] to form trifluoroborate salts K[RBF3] which are precursors to nucleophilic alkyl and aryl boron difluorides, ArBF2. The salts are more stable than the boronic acids themselves and used for instance in alkylation of certain aldehydes:
Nucleophilic anionic boryl compounds have long been elusive but a 2006 study described a boryllithium compound which reacts as a nucleophile :
This is remarkable because in other period 2 elements lithium salts are common e.g. lithium fluoride, lithium hydroxide lithium amide and methyllithium. Reaction of base with a borohydride R2BH does not result in deprotonation to the boryl anion R2B but to formation of the boryl anion R2BH(base) because only this reaction path gives a complete octet . Instead the boryl compound is prepared by reductive heterolysis of a boron-bromide bond by lithium metal. The new boryl lithium compound is very similar to and isoelectronic with N-heterocyclic carbenes. It is designed to benefit from aromatic stabilization (6-electron system counting the nitrogen lone pairs and an empty boron p-orbital, see structure A) and from kinetic stabilization from the bulky 2,6-diisopropylphenyl groups. X-ray diffraction confirms sp2 hybridization at boron and its nucleophilic addition reaction with benzaldehyde gives further proof of the proposed structure.
Alkylideneboranes of the type RB=CRR with a boron – carbon double bond are rarely encountered. An example is borabenzene. The parent compound is HB=CH2 which can be detected at low temperatures. A fairly stable derivative is CH3B=C(SiMe3)2 but is prone to .
Chemical compounds with boron to boron double bonds are rare. In 2007 the first neutral diborene (RHB=BHR) was presented . Each boron atom has a proton attached to it and each boron atom is coordinated to a so-called NHC carbene.
TEB – Triethylborane was used to ignite the JP-7 fuel of the Pratt / Whitney J-58 ramjet engines powering the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird.
Jubaland State of Somalia
|Official language(s)||Somali and Arabic|
|-||President||Mohamed Abdi Mohamed|
|-||Total||87,000 km |
33,000 sq mi
|Currency||Somali shilling ( |
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+3)|
|Calling code||252 (Somalia)|
Jubaland (Somali: Jubbaland, Arabic: جوبالاند), also known as Azania or the Juba Valley (Somali: Dooxada Jubba) and formerly as Trans-Juba (Italian: Oltre Giuba), is an autonomous region in southern Somalia. Its eastern border lies 40–60 km east of the Jubba River, stretching from Gedo to the Indian Ocean, while its western side flanks the North Eastern Province in Kenya.
Jubaland's total population is estimated at 1.3 million inhabitants. As of 2005, its constituent administrative regions of Gedo, Lower Juba and Middle Juba had estimated populations of 690,000, 400,000 and 240,000 residents, respectively.
The territory has a total area of 87,000 km² (33,000 sq mi). Its main city is Kismayo, which is situated on the coast near the mouth of the Jubba river. Bardera, Afmadow, Bu'aale and Beled Haawo are the other principal cities in the region.
In antiquity, the Jubaland region's various port cities and harbours, such as Essina and Sarapion, were an integral part of global trade. During the Middle Ages, the influential Somali Ajuuraan State held sway over the territory, followed in turn by the Geledi Sultanate. From 1836 until 1861, parts of Jubaland were claimed by the Sultanate of Muscat (now in Oman), and were later incorporated into British East Africa. In 1925, Jubaland was ceded to Italy, forming a part of Italian Somaliland. On 1 July 1960, the region, along with the rest of Italian Somaliland and British Somaliland, became part of the independent republic of Somalia.
More recently, Jubaland has been the site of numerous battles in the ongoing Somali Civil War, and was briefly declared independent in 1998–1999. In late 2006, Islamist militants gained control of most of the region. To reclaim possession of the territory, a new autonomous administration dubbed Azania was announced in 2010 and formalized the following year.
In ancient times, the Jubaland region's various port cities and harbours, such as Essina and Sarapion, were an integral part of world trade. Many of the old cities in the area, including Gondershe, Bardera and Kismayo, date from the Middle Ages.
After the collapse of this polity, the House of Gobroon was established and the Geledi Sultanate held sway over the area. The dynasty reached its apex under the successive reigns of Sultan Yusuf Mahamud Ibrahim, who successfully consolidated Gobroon power during the Bardera wars, and Sultan Ahmed Yusuf, who forced regional powers such as the Omani Empire to submit tribute.
From 1836 until 1861, parts of Jubaland were claimed by the Sultanate of Muscat (now in Oman), when the new Sultanate of Zanzibar was split from Muscat and Oman and given control of its East African territories.
On 7 November 1890, Zanzibar became a British protectorate, and on 1 July 1895, the Sultanate ceded all of its coastal possessions in continental East Africa to Britain. Together with the Zanzibar Sultanate's other former possessions in the area, Jubaland became part of the British East Africa colony.
Jubaland was subsequently ceded to Italy, purportedly as a reward for the Italians having joined the Allies in World War I, and had a brief existence as the Italian colony of Trans-Juba (Oltre Giuba) under governor (16 July 1924 - 31 December 1926) Corrado Zoli (1877–1951). Italy issued its first postage stamps for the territory on July 29, 1925, consisting of contemporary Italian stamps overprinted Oltre Giuba (Trans-Juba).
Jubaland was then incorporated into neighboring Italian Somaliland on 30 June 1926. The colony had a total area of 87,000 km² (33,000 sq mi), and in 1926, a population of 120,000 inhabitants.
During the post-independence period, one particularly significant historical event was the series of internal migrations into the Jubba regions by Somalis from other parts of the country.
Between 1974 and 1975, a major drought referred to as the Abaartii Dabadheer ("The Lingering Drought") occurred in the northern regions of Somalia. The Soviet Union, which at the time maintained strategic relations with the Siad Barre government, airlifted some 90,000 people from the devastated regions of Hobyo and Caynaba. New small settlements referred to as Danwadaagaha ("Collective Settlements") were then created in the Jubbada Hoose (Lower Jubba) and Jubbada Dhexe (Middle Jubba) regions. The transplanted families were also introduced to farming and fishing techniques, a change from their traditional pastoralist lifestyle of livestock herding.
By the late 1980s, the moral authority of Barre's government had collapsed. Many Somalis had become disillusioned with life under military dictatorship. The government became increasingly totalitarian, and resistance movements, encouraged by Ethiopia, sprang up across the country, eventually leading to the Somali Civil War and Barre's ouster.
Following the ensuing breakdown of central authority, General Mohammed Said Hersi "Morgan", Barre's son-in-law and former Minister of Defense, briefly declared Jubaland independent on September 3, 1998. Political opponents of General Morgan subsequently united as the Allied Somali Forces (ASF), seizing control of Kismayo by June of the following year.
Led by Colonel Barre Adan Shire Hiiraale, the ASF administration renamed itself the Juba Valley Alliance in 2001. On June 18 of that year, an 11-member inter-clan council decided to ally the JVA with the newly-forming Transitional Federal Government.
In 2006, the Islamic Courts Union (ICU), an Islamist organization, assumed control of much of Jubaland and other parts of southern Somalia and promptly imposed Shari'a law. The Transitional Federal Government sought to re-establish its authority, and, with the assistance of Ethiopian troops, African Union peacekeepers and air support by the United States, managed to drive out the rival ICU and solidify its rule.
On January 8, 2007, as the Battle of Ras Kamboni raged, TFG President and founder Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, a former colonel in the Somali Army and decorated war hero, entered Mogadishu for the first time since being elected to office. The government then relocated to Villa Somalia in the capital from its interim location in Baidoa. This marked the first time since the fall of the Siad Barre regime in 1991 that the federal government controlled most of the country.
Following this defeat, the Islamic Courts Union splintered into several different factions. Some of the more radical elements, including Al-Shabaab, regrouped to continue their insurgency against the TFG and oppose the Ethiopian military's presence in Somalia. Throughout 2007 and 2008, Al-Shabaab scored military victories, seizing control of key towns and ports in both central and southern Somalia. At the end of 2008, the group had captured Baidoa but not Mogadishu. By January 2009, Al-Shabaab and other militias had managed to force the Ethiopian troops to retreat, leaving behind an under-equipped African Union peacekeeping force to assist the Transitional Federal Government's troops.
In 2010, residents of Somalia's Juba region established a new secular regional administration. This Jubaland Initiative was created to bring about local stability, in the model of the autonomous Puntland and Somaliland regions in the northern part of the country. Kenya has expressed interest in helping to develop the new regional administration so as to establish a buffer zone between it and the Islamist insurgency in southern Somalia. However, neighboring Ethiopia is reportedly unhappy about the Jubaland Initiative and Kenya's involvement in it, as it fears that the project will have an effect on its own military struggle against rebels in the Somali-inhabited Ogaden region, who seek independence. On April 3, 2011, it was announced that the new autonomous Jubaland administration would be referred to as Azania and would be led as President by Mohamed Abdi Mohamed (Gandhi), the former national Minister of Defense.
Azania's new regional flag consists of a rectangular shaped surface with three horizontal bars: the top row in white, the middle row in blue, and the bottom row in red.
As of 2005, Jubaland's constituent administrative regions consist of the following:
|Height||6 ft 3 in (1.91 m)|
|League||Turkish Women's Basketball League|
|Team||Galatasaray Medical Park|
|Born||August 30, 1989 |
Binissalem, Spain(age 21)
|Career history|| (2006-09) |
Perfumerías Avenida (2009-11)
|Competitor for Spain|
|Bronze||2010 Czech Republic||National team|
|Bronze||2009 Latvia||National team|
|Coleophora helianthemella |
The larvae feed on Cistus, , Helianthemum and Tuberaria species. They create a composite leaf case. The case is reddish brown, although the rear end is yellow. Sometimes, the case is entirely yellow. It is less than 10 mm long and the mouth angle is about 30°.
John Gallagher (born May 27, 1977) is the head men's basketball coach at the University of Hartford. Gallagher was named the tenth head coach in the history of the Hartford Hawks program on April 16, 2010 by Director of Athletics Pat Meiser.
Gallagher went 11-20 in his first season with the Hawks, guiding them to the semifinals of the 2011 America East Men's Basketball Tournament.
Gallagher came to Hartford after briefly serving as an assistant under Steve Donahue at Boston College, a position he held for less than two weeks before being offered the head coaching job at Hartford. Prior to that, Gallagher spent two years as an assistant coach under Glen Miller with the Penn Quakers. He had also worked at Hartford as an assistant under Dan Leibovitz, helping the Hawks to their first appearance in the America East title game in 2008.
|Ward||Party||Incumbent Elected||Incumbent||Standing again?|
|Broxbourne||Conservative||1976||J E Ball||Yes|
|Bury Green||Conservative||1976||M Franklin||Yes|
|Cheshunt Central||Conservative||1976||L C Parker||Yes|
|Cheshunt North||Conservative||1976||D Moody||Yes|
|Flamstead End||Conservative||1976||J G E Swannell||Yes|
|Goffs Oak||Conservative||1976||J M Sanderson||Yes|
|Hoddesdon North||Conservative||1976||G C B Walker||Yes|
|Hoddesdon Town||Conservative||1976||K A Sandison||No|
|Rosedale||Conservative||1976||R J Donoghue||No|
|Rye Park||Labour||1976||J H Davis||Yes|
|Theobalds||Conservative||1976||G F Ebeling||Yes|
|Waltham Cross North||Conservative||1976||D Forbes-Buckingham||Yes|
|Waltham Cross South||Labour||1976||M Oliver||No|
|Wormley & Turnford||Conservative||1976||O G Alderman||Yes|
|Broxbourne Local Election Result 1979|
|Party||Seats||Gains||Losses||Net Gain/Loss||Seats %||Votes %||Votes||+/-|
An election was held in 14 wards on 3 May 1979.
No seats changes hands at this election
The political balance of the council following this election was:
|Broxbourne Ward Result 3 May 1979|
|National Front||Eric Hare||130||3.33|
|Bury Green Ward Result 3 May 1979|
|National Front||Timothy Dyer||167||4.73|
|Cheshunt Central Ward Result 3 May 1979|
|Cheshunt North Ward Result 3 May 1979|
|National Front||Paul Heard||154||4.41|
|Flamstead End Ward Result 3 May 1979|
|National Front||Frederick Venables||156||4.67|
|Goffs Oak Ward Result 3 May 1979|
|Hoddesdon North Ward Result 3 May 1979|
|Hoddesdon Town Ward Result 3 May 1979|
|Rosedale Ward Result 3 May 1979|
|National Front||Ramon Johns||60||4.84|
|Rye Park Ward Result 3 May 1979|
|Theobalds Ward Result 3 May 1979|
|Waltham Cross North Ward Result 3 May 1979|
|Waltham Cross South Ward Result 3 May 1979|
|National Front||Roger Bailey||166||5.71|
|Wormley / Turnford Ward Result 3 May 1979|
Lea Valley Mercury Friday 11th May 1979 Edition