Basic Indicator Approach

Basic indicator approach

Basel II

Bank for International Settlements
Basel Accords - Basel I
Basel II


Monetary policy - Central bank

Risk - Risk management

Regulatory capital
Tier 1 - Tier 2

Pillar 1: Regulatory Capital

Credit risk
Standardized - IRB Approach

Operational risk
Basic - Standardized - AMA

Market risk
Duration - Value at risk

Pillar 2: Supervisory Review

Economic capital
Liquidity risk - Legal risk

Pillar 3: Market Disclosure


Business and Economics Portal

The basic approach or basic indicator approach is a set of operational risk measurement techniques proposed under Basel II capital adequacy rules for banking institutions.

Basel II requires all banking institutions to set aside capital for operational risk. Basic indicator approach is much simpler compared to the alternative approaches (i.e. standardized approach (operational risk) and advanced measurement approach) and this has been recommended for banks without significant international operations.

Based on the original Basel Accord, banks using the basic indicator approach must hold capital for operational risk equal to the average over the previous three years of a fixed percentage of positive annual gross income. Figures for any year in which annual gross income is negative or zero should be excluded from both the numerator and denominator when calculating the average.

The fixed percentage ‘alpha’ is typically 15 percent of annual gross income.

See also


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