|Location||Taupo District, Waikato Region, North Island|
|Lake type||crater lake, oligotrophic|
|Primary inflows||Waitahanui River, Tongariro River, Tauranga Taupo River|
|Primary outflows||Waikato River|
|Catchment area||3,487 km (1,346 sq mi)|
|Basin countries||New Zealand|
|Max. length||46 km (29 mi)|
|Max. width||33 km (21 mi)|
|Surface area||616 km (238 sq mi)|
|Average depth||110 m (360 ft)|
|Max. depth||186 m (610 ft)|
|Water volume||59 km (14 cu mi)|
|Residence time||10.5 years|
|Shore length||193 km (120 mi)|
|Surface elevation||356 m (1,168 ft)|
|Shore length is not a well-defined measure.|
Lake Taupo is a lake situated in the North Island of New Zealand. With a surface area of 616 square kilometres (238 sq mi), it is the largest lake by surface area in New Zealand, and the second largest by surface area in geopolitical Oceania after Lake Murray (Papua New Guinea).
Lake Taupo has a perimeter of approximately 193 kilometres, a deepest point of 186 metres. It is drained by the Waikato River (New Zealand's longest river), while its main tributaries are the Waitahanui River, the Tongariro River, and the Tauranga Taupo River. It is a noted trout fishery with stocks of introduced brown trout and rainbow trout.
Lake formation and volcanism
Māori Rock Carving
On the north west side of Lake Taupo on the cliffs of Mine Bay, there are Māori rock carvings created in the late 1970's by Matahi Whakataka-Brightwell and John Randall. Carved in likeness of Ngatoroirangi, a navigator who guided the Tuwharetoa and Te Arawa tribes to the Taupo area over a thousand years ago according to Māori legend. The 10-metre-high carving is intended to protect Lake Taupo from volcanic activities underneath. The cliff has become a popular tourist destination with hundreds of boats and yatchs visiting the spot daily.
- Ben G. Mason; David M. Pyle, and Clive Oppenheimer (2004). "The size and frequency of the largest explosive eruptions on Earth". Bulletin of Volcanology 66 (8): 735–748. doi:10.1007/s00445-004-0355-9.
- "Taupo". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0401-07=. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
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