Lake Taupō

Lake Taupo

Lake Taupo
Location Taupo District, Waikato Region, North Island
Coordinates 38°49′S 175°55′E / 38.817°S 175.917°ECoordinates: 38°49′S 175°55′E / 38.817°S 175.917°E
Lake type crater lake, oligotrophic
Primary inflows Waitahanui River, Tongariro River, Tauranga Taupo River
Primary outflows Waikato River
Catchment area 3,487 km (1,346 sq mi)
Basin countries New Zealand
Max. length 46 km (29 mi)
Max. width 33 km (21 mi)
Surface area 616 km (238 sq mi)
Average depth 110 m (360 ft)
Max. depth 186 m (610 ft)
Water volume 59 km (14 cu mi)
Residence time 10.5 years
Shore length 193 km (120 mi)
Surface elevation 356 m (1,168 ft)
Islands (11 ha)
Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Lake Taupo is a lake situated in the North Island of New Zealand. With a surface area of 616 square kilometres (238 sq mi), it is the largest lake by surface area in New Zealand, and the second largest by surface area in geopolitical Oceania after Lake Murray (Papua New Guinea).

Lake Taupo has a perimeter of approximately 193 kilometres, a deepest point of 186 metres. It is drained by the Waikato River (New Zealand's longest river), while its main tributaries are the Waitahanui River, the Tongariro River, and the Tauranga Taupo River. It is a noted trout fishery with stocks of introduced brown trout and rainbow trout.

Lake formation and volcanism



Māori Rock Carving

On the north west side of Lake Taupo on the cliffs of Mine Bay, there are Māori rock carvings created in the late 1970's by Matahi Whakataka-Brightwell and John Randall. Carved in likeness of Ngatoroirangi, a navigator who guided the Tuwharetoa and Te Arawa tribes to the Taupo area over a thousand years ago according to Māori legend. The 10-metre-high carving is intended to protect Lake Taupo from volcanic activities underneath. The cliff has become a popular tourist destination with hundreds of boats and yatchs visiting the spot daily.

See also


External links

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